07 Sep APA Format: A How-To Style Guide With Examples
APA format is regarded as three main citation styles you’re more likely to encounter at some point throughout your education.
Specifically in psychology, education, in addition to sciences, APA format may be the citation that is preferred over other popular style guides, like MLA format, that will be widely used into the humanities.
APA format definition
APA format is an style that is academic developed by the American Psychological Association. It is most commonly employed for scientific papers, especially research-based content.
APA format is preferred among many disciplines because of its clarity and emphasis on highlighting newer source material (i.e. date-focused citations with a preference for ‘recent’ source content). Below are instructions and examples for formatting general components of an APA paper that is formatted including how exactly to write a cover page, running head (header), an in-text citation, and a Reference section.
Note: there are lots of the different parts of this style guide that overlap with MLA format. Thus, you might find that section of this information is restated from the MLA guide; however, there are many components unique to APA alone and neither guide can sufficiently substitute one other.
General formatting guidelines in APA
- Your document should be typed in double-space, 12 pt. font. The font that is standard Times New Roman, but some scholars prefer Arial.
- Your document’s margins must certanly be one inch on all sides.
- A cover should be included by you page (aka title page) unless otherwise specified.
- You have to include a running head (in other words. a page header) that sits towards the top of every page of the document.
- To produce the head that is running utilize the “Insert Header” function on your own word processor.
- Each page must certanly be numbered in the right hand side of the page inside the auto-created Header. You will insert the title flush left in all caps.
- The title must certanly be in title case; every word shouldn’t be capitalized.
- Very first and paragraphs that are subsequent be indented one half inch from the left for the document. You should utilize the TAB button function to indent instead of the area bar.
- There should simply be one space in the end marks of punctuation. Because word processing software already accounts for the room after a punctuation mark, adding two spaces is inaccurate and antiquated.
Running head formatting is specific to APA and really should not be utilized for other citation types. To create the running head and ensure it turns up on every page of one’s document, utilize the “Insert Header” function in your word processor and then type the title of your paper flush left using all capital letters.
The head that is running a shortened form of your full paper title, and thus the running head should not exceed more than 50 characters including punctuation marks and character spacing.
The aforementioned example is 49 characters long, including spaces and marks of punctuation (for the title).
Your cover page will include the following information: title associated with paper, author’s name, and institutional affiliation (in other words. the university, college, or academic/professional institution for which you are writing your paper). You need to likewise incorporate a running head flush left with all the pagination flush right at the very top of your document.
Note: On the cover page, your head that is running will distinct from it will on does domyhomework.services work all subsequent pages.
As you can see, you need to include the words “Running head” in your title page to indicate that it’s the paper’s running head; on all the pages, you want not include these words as well as your title.
APA in-text citations are not determined by container (e.g. book, article). Citations ought to be in parentheses and placed at the conclusion of a sentence before the period, whether paraphrasing or citing a direct quote.
APA format follows the style that is author-date (Last Name, Year) and uses a comma between the two elements. If referencing a specific spot in the text, you are encouraged to utilize exact page numbers using a lowercase p. + the page number when you look at the parentheses following the year.
All citations, no matter container, are formatted the same for in-text citations in APA. There isn’t any variance according to container as is true for MLA style.
Note: There are different requirements that are formatting short vs. long quotations in APA.
General citation that is in-text:
- Titles of source material must be capitalized (that is not the full case on the References page); all words four letters or longer must also be capitalized (exceptions for pronouns, adjectives, nouns, verbs, adverbs, etc.)
- Hyphenated compound words in a title are both capitalized, not merely the first word
- The word that is first after a colon or dash is capitalized
- All longer container titles (e.g. books, films, TV series, music albums) should really be italicized
Direct quotes (non-paraphrasing) require the author’s name, year of publication, and page number in (p. #) format. You may either use the author’s last name in the sentence preceding the parenthetical citation or are the author’s last name when you look at the parentheses directly.
Long, direct quotations (40 words or higher) should really be printed in block format without quotation marks. The quotation should begin on a new line indented another half inch inward (where a brand new paragraph would naturally begin. All subsequent lines should be indented as such. Long quotes should really be double-spaced such as the rest of the document, therefore the citation that is parenthetical following the final punctuation mark of this quotation.
General format for long quotations:
King (1986) noted:
A small boy in a yellow slicker and red galoshes ran cheerfully along beside the newspaper boat. The rain had not stopped, however it was finally slackening. It tapped in the yellow hood associated with boy’s slicker, sounding to his ears like the rain regarding the roof that is shed. (p. 3)
Your APA-formatted Reference page is when the extended, detailed versions of most references used during your essay or research paper are.
For every single container given below, you will find a formula that is general citing the source in your Reference page along with an example.
General Reference page rules:
- Use hanging indentations for each line that follows the first line (second and subsequent lines in one single reference must certanly be indented)
- Author names should always be in Last name format that is first initialfor up to six authors of one given work)
- All reference entries should always be in alphabetical order
- Any books or materials published by exactly the same s that are author( should really be listen in chronological order from oldest to the majority of recent
- Use whatever capitalization and punctuation is employed by an container that is original regardless if not ‘standard’