29 Abr Educational institutions in Canada are predominantly public.
Educational institutions in Canada are predominantly public.
Despite its youth, Canada has a tradition of higher education since the seventeenth century. The oldest French-language university, Université Laval, was opened in 1663, and the first English-language university, the University of New Brunswick, was opened in 1785.
The fact that Canada is a younger country, according to many experts, has a positive impact on education, as universities are more open to innovation and innovation. There is a very good friendship between teachers and students, which also contributes to the effectiveness of teaching.
Canada is a country of immigrants and people who study in this country feel at home. Here everyone is equal, there is no discrimination and the attitude is high, which provides a very good moral environment for learning.
In addition, Canada has been recognized as one of the safest and most attractive countries in the world for many years. Last year, four of the world’s 10 cities were Canadian: Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal and Calgary.
Higher education in Canada is provided in universities and colleges. The main difference between colleges and universities is that there are no master’s programs in colleges.
We in Ukraine still have the opinion that without a master’s degree, higher education is considered incomplete. In Canada, by contrast, people who want to pursue higher education are often limited to a bachelor’s degree and are proud of it. The master’s degree is attended mainly by graduates who are going to dedicate themselves to science or teaching. “Sometimes a master’s degree is even a disadvantage when it comes to employment. The person is overqualified and it is more difficult for him to find a job, ”says Ludmila Chaban, head of the education department of the Infostad agency.
Educational institutions in Canada are predominantly public. Compared to the United States, a significant proportion of educational institutions there are private colleges and universities. In Canada, the situation is different and out of hundreds of private universities, there will be less than three dozen. “Private universities are mostly religious – founded by Christian communities. This does not mean that students at these universities receive an exclusively religious education. These universities have reoriented in accordance with modern requirements and offer programs that are in demand in the labor market, “says Olga Glukhova, a consultant for education at the A-priori educational agency.
A feature of the Canadian education system is the availability of a large number of programs focused on the acquisition of practical professional skills. These are programs from one year to three years, which provide a specific specialty and a document of education. A distinctive feature of these programs is that they are actually focused on the existing demand of the labor market and provide practical skills and experience, thanks to internships that are included in the training program.
2-3-year programs provide an opportunity to get an education in a shorter period, with which you can already work. This is a unique offer from Canada – higher education, but not a bachelor’s degree: a 2-year program is called “Diploma”, a 3-year program is called “Advanced diploma”, a 4-year program (bachelor’s degree) is called “Degree”.
College education has a more practical bias and allows for better adaptation after school. “As a rule, thousands of students study at the university, and when a child enters the university, it is more difficult for him to fit into another education system. And in colleges there are fewer groups, teachers pay more attention to everyone and therefore it is easier for the child to adapt. After studying for 2-3 years in college, he can safely continue his studies at the university, already understanding what they want from him and saving money, because studying at universities is more expensive, ”says Ludmila Chaban.
A big advantage of Canada is the ability to change specialties on postgraduate programs. A person with an education in one field (minimum bachelor’s degree) can master another specialty in postgraduate programs (but this is not a master’s degree) in colleges and some universities.
One of the most popular areas of study in Canada – business and economics, IT specialties (Blackberry and Imax – Canadian inventions), animation, 3D graphics, engineering, science. Specialties related to oil production and refining, as well as environmental protection are in great demand. “Canada is also traditionally strong in tourism and hospitality because it has a large number of tourist destinations that attract many tourists: Niagara Falls, Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. All this requires qualified specialists who would meet the demand in the field of tourism and hospitality, “says Olga Glukhova.
Tuition in colleges costs between 10,000 and 18,000 Canadian dollars a year. In universities – from 12 thousand and above – on the average to 25, and even to 30 thousand a year.
Canadians pay much less for education than international students. But such is the policy of the state. There is almost no free tuition for foreign students.
Accommodation and living expenses can be estimated at C $ 800-1,000 per month. Students can live in residences on campuses, can live in families, can rent apartments. As a rule, living in residences is a little more expensive than in families.
To enter a Canadian university, it is necessary that the last three years in a Ukrainian school (9th, 10th and 11th grades) the student has a good academic performance, as well as good English (IELTS 6-6.5). For creative buy a compare and contrast essay online specialties you need to earn a portfolio.
Olga Glukhova says that theoretically it is possible to enter Canadian universities directly without the help of preparatory programs. But in practice this is problematic, because Ukrainian students graduate from school at the age of 16-17, and Canadians study at school until the age of 18. The second problem is that, as a rule, universities in Canada are thousands of organizations designed for people who are quite independent and adults.
“Not every 17-year-old child who has lived in a family and studied at his school, which has 300-500 students, is ready to immediately join the 20,000-strong team,” Olga is convinced. – To enter a good ranking university, I would still recommend graduating from school in Canada. This is either the 12th grade, which can be entered after our 11th, or in the Canadian school you can unlearn the last 2-3 years. Canadian schools provide very good preparation for university. “
According to Olga Glukhova, public and private schools in Canada also teach specialized programs for admission: Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate (IB).
In private schools, tuition can cost from 13 to 15 thousand dollars a year. The cost of tuition, including accommodation and all the services of the boarding school, will be 28-32 thousand Canadian dollars a year. In public schools, the cost of education will be 10-12 thousand dollars a year. Accommodation in families will cost 9‑10 thousand a year.
Another important problem is that under Canadian law, all foreign nationals under the age of 18 must have an official guardian in Canada. Many universities and colleges do not provide such a service, ie it must be ordered separately, and schools solve this problem.
Among other things, Canada has preparatory programs at the universities. For example, the University of Toronto has a $ 25,000 Foundation Foundation Preparatory Program.
Under the student visa, students have the right to work 20 hours a week during school hours and full time on vacation. Very often educational institutions offer internships, including paid ones. Internships are also offered in some short postgraduate programs, which is a big plus for further employment.
A very attractive point for international students is that, after receiving a Canadian diploma, they have the opportunity to legally find employment in Canada for a period of one to three years.
“A student who has studied in Canada for one year will receive a one-year employment permit. If he studied for two years, he can get a permit for either a year or two years. If we talk about the bachelor’s program, which lasts 4 years, then here you can count on employment for up to three years, “- explains Olga Glukhova.
Pavel Petrichenko, Osvita.ua
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